Zampa, Luigi

(1905-1991)
   Director, novelist, playwright, screen-writer. Coming from a poor background, Zampa began studying architecture and engineering at university but gravitated toward the theater and wrote a number of stage plays before enrolling at the newly formed Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in 1935. He then worked extensively as a screenwriter on a host of the so-called white telephone films before directing his first feature, a light theatrical comedy titled L'attore scomparso (The Actor Who Disappeared, 1941). This was followed by the historical costume drama Fra'Diavolo (The Adventures of Fra Diavolo, 1942) and Un americano in vacanza (A Yank in Rome, 1945), a love story set in the context of the American liberation of Italy.
   In the immediate postwar period Zampa achieved a great deal of popularity with a number of films that were regarded, especially out-side Italy, as part of the neorealist movement, in particular Vivere in pace (To Live in Peace, 1946), which was hugely successful both in Italy, where it won a Nastro d'argento for best story, and abroad, where it received, among others, the New York Film Critics award for Best Foreign Film. A year later L'onorevole Angelina (Angelina, MP, 1947), the story of a working-class woman who almost becomes a politician, similarly successful at the box office, was nominated for the Golden Lion at the Venice Festival and earned its star, Anna Magnani, both the Volpi Cup and a Nastro d'argento for her feisty interpretation. There followed a fruitful collaboration between Zampa and Sicilian novelist Vitaliano Brancati, with Brancati adapting his own novels for Zampa's Anni difficili (Difficult Years, 1948), Anni facili (Easy Years, 1953), and L'arte di arrangiarsi (The Art of Getting Along, 1954), biting satirical comedies that foregrounded the Italian knack for political and social compromise. During this time Zampa also made what many regard as his most accomplished film, Processo alla citta (The City Stands Trial, 1952), a dramatic revisiting of the Cuocolo murders and the struggle for control of Naples by the camorra in the early 1900s.
   Following Brancati's untimely death, Zampa filmed an adaptation of Alberto Maravia's novel La romana (Woman of Rome, 1954), with the screenplay written by Moravia himself, before going on to make a handful of only moderately successful films, which included Il magistrato (The Magistrate, 1959), Il vigile (The Traffic Policeman, 1960), and Anni ruggenti (Roaring Years, 1963). He achieved huge box office success again with Il medico della mutua (Be Sick! It's Free, 1968), a satirical take on the Italian health-care system starring Alberto Sordi, who by this stage had become a regular in Zampa's films, and then, again with Sordi playing the lead, Bello, onesto, emigrato Australia sposerebbe compaesana illibata (A Girl in Australia, 1971).
   Zampa continued to address contemporary social problems in a comic vein in Contestazione generate (Let's Have a Riot, 1970), a satire on the student uprisings at the time that included stock footage of the student demonstrations. This was followed by Bisturi, la mafia bianca (Hospitals: The White Mafia, 1973), a caustic critique of corrupt doctors in the Italian medical system, and Gente di rispetto (The Flower in His Mouth, 1975), which took aim at the Mafia itself. After the psychological thriller Il mostro (The Monster, 1977) and Letti selvaggi (Tigers in Lipstick, 1979), an erotic escapade in eight episodes, Zampa retired from the cinema. In retirement he published several novels, including Il primo giro della manovella (The First Take, 1980) and Pianeta nudo (Naked Planet, 1987).
   Historical Dictionary of Italian Cinema by Alberto Mira

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zampa, Luigi — (1905 1991)    Director, novelist, playwright, screen writer. Coming from a poor background, Zampa began studying architecture and engineering at university but gravitated toward the theater and wrote a number of stage plays before enrolling at… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Zampa, Luigi — • ДЗА МПА (Zampa) Луиджи (р. 2.1.1905)    итал. режиссёр. Учился в Эксперим. киноцентре в Риме. В кино с 1938, пом. режиссёра. Первый ф. Фра Дьяволо (по опере Д. Ф. Э. Обера, 1941). Д. один из создателей жанра неореалистич. сатирич. комедии. Снял …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Luigi Zampa — Infobox actor bgcolour = silver name = Luigi Zampa imagesize = caption = birthdate = birth date|1905|1|2|mf=y location = Rome, Italy height = deathdate = death date and age|1991|8|16|1905|1|2|mf=y deathplace = birthname = yearsactive = 1933 1979… …   Wikipedia

  • Luigi Zampa — Données clés Naissance 2 janvier 1905 Rome, Latium Italie Nationalité Italienne Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi Zampa — (* 2. Januar 1905 in Rom; † 16. August 1991 ebenda) war ein wichtiger Filmregisseur des Neorealismus, der gleichwohl in Deutschland weniger bekannt wurde als dessen große Vertreter Luchino Visconti, Roberto Rossellini oder Vittorio De Sica.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zampa — steht für: Zampa (Hérold), eine Oper von Louis Hérold Zampa der Tagdieb oder die Braut von Gips (1832), ein Werk von Johann Nestroy Zampa ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Luigi Zampa (1905–1991), italienischer Filmregisseur Sandra Zampa,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Koscina — Sylva Koscina (* 22. August 1933 in Zagreb; † 26. Dezember 1994 in Rom) war eine italienische Schauspielerin jugoslawischer Herkunft, die in mindestens 120 Filmen als Darstellerin mitwirkte. Leben und Werk Sylva Koscina studierte Physik an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neoverismus — Der Italienische Neorealismus bezeichnet eine bedeutende Epoche der Filmgeschichte und der Literatur von 1943 bis etwa 1954. Der Neorealismus, auch Neorealismo oder Neoverismo genannt, entstand noch während der Zeit des italienischen Faschismus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monicelli — Mario Monicelli Mario Monicelli (* 15. Mai 1915 in Viareggio, Italien) ist ein italienischer Drehbuchautor und Filmregisseur. Sein Vater Tommaso Monicelli war ein Theaterkritiker. Monicelli begann als Drehbuchautor und verfasste auch die Bücher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allasio — Marisa Allasio (eigentlich Maria Luisa Lucia Allasio; * 14. Juli 1936 in Turin) ist eine ehemalige italienische Filmschauspielerin. Sie trat zwischen 1952 und 1959 in fast zwanzig Filmen auf, meist Erotikstreifen. Man nannte sie auch „die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.